Create Material PO using BAPI_PO_CREATE1 |BAPI_PO_CREATE  SAP Function module – Create Purchase order

Create Material PO using BAPI_PO_CREATE1 |BAPI_PO_CREATE  SAP Function module – Create Purchase order.

Create Material PO using BAPI_PO_CREATE1 |BAPI_PO_CREATE  SAP Function module – Create Purchase order.
Create Material PO using BAPI_PO_CREATE1 |BAPI_PO_CREATE  SAP Function module – Create Purchase order.

In this article we are going to see Purchase order creation program using BAPI. Here we have real time requirement and to fulfill this requirement we are going use Purchase order creation BAPI.

Requirement is we have to create a purchase order automatically by just uploading the record from excel, In a single upload multiple purchase order can be created means if we are uploading 100 records then it could be 10 item from Vendor A and 30 items from Vendor B and rest items are from Vendor C.

So In single upload here we are creating 3 Purchase Orders to Vendor A, B and Vendor C.

In Selection Screen along with File Upload Parameter we will use some other selection also.

ABAP Code Example for Function Module BAPI_PO_CREATE1

program
ABAP Code Example for Function Module BAPI_PO_CREATE1
bapi po create1
BAPI_PO_CREATE1

*&———————————————————————*
*& Report  ZMM_PO_Create
*& Developed By:—– Pankaj Singh
*&———————————————————————*
*& Requested By:—– Distribution Team.
*& Description:—— BAPI to create Purchase Order.
*&———————————————————————*

REPORT zmm_po_create.

DATA :  poheader      TYPE bapimepoheader,
        poheaderx     TYPE bapimepoheaderx,
        it_return     LIKE bapiret2 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        it_return1    LIKE bapiret2 OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        it_poitem     LIKE bapimepoitem OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        it_poitemx    LIKE bapimepoitemx OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        it_potextitem LIKE bapimepotext OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        it_POSCHEDULE   like BAPIMEPOSCHEDULE OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE,
        it_POSCHEDULEX   LIKE BAPIMEPOSCHEDULX OCCURS 0 WITH HEADER LINE.

DATA: lv_ponum TYPE bapimepoheader-po_number.
DATA: gd_layout TYPE         slis_layout_alv,
      gd_repid  TYPE         sy-repid,
      i_events  TYPE         slis_t_event,
      w_events  LIKE LINE OF i_events.
DATA: i_fieldcat  TYPE slis_t_fieldcat_alv,
      wa_fieldcat TYPE slis_fieldcat_alv.
DATA: c_user_command TYPE slis_formname VALUE ‘USER_COMMAND’.

DATA err_file TYPE string.

DATA : BEGIN OF it_err OCCURS 0,
         message1 TYPE bapi_msg,
       END OF it_err.

TYPES: BEGIN OF ty_input,
         ebeln          TYPE ebeln,
*         comp_code     TYPE bukrs,
         doc_type       TYPE bsart,
*         purch_org     TYPE ekorg,
*         pur_group     TYPE ekgrp ,
         suppl_plnt     TYPE lifnr,

*         po_item       TYPE ebelp,
         material       TYPE matnr,
         plant(4) ,” type ewerks,
         quantity(15),
         net_price(28),
         tax_code(2),
         po_text(132),
         sales_pers(30),
         dlv_date(10) TYPE c,
*        PRICE_UNIT(3),
       END OF ty_input.

DATA: BEGIN OF it_display OCCURS 0,
        ebeln     TYPE ebeln,
        ebeln1    TYPE text100,
        type      TYPE char2,
        number(5) TYPE n,
        sale      TYPE char30,
      END OF it_display.

DATA : it_input TYPE TABLE OF ty_input WITH HEADER LINE,
       wa_input LIKE LINE OF  it_input.

DATA : it_input_h TYPE TABLE OF ty_input WITH HEADER LINE.
DATA : wa_input_h LIKE LINE OF it_input_h.


DATA: BEGIN OF i_excel OCCURS 0.
        INCLUDE STRUCTURE alsmex_tabline.
DATA END OF i_excel.

PARAMETERS : p_bukrs TYPE ekko-bukrs DEFAULT ‘1000’ OBLIGATORY,
             p_ekorg TYPE ekko-ekorg DEFAULT ‘1100’OBLIGATORY,
             p_ekgrp     TYPE ekko-ekgrp DEFAULT ‘101’ OBLIGATORY.
*             p_tax TYPE ekpo-mwskz DEFAULT ‘V0’ OBLIGATORY.

PARAMETERS: p_file TYPE rlgrap-filename OBLIGATORY,
            start TYPE i OBLIGATORY DEFAULT 4, end TYPE i OBLIGATORY.
PARAMETERS file_err LIKE rlgrap-filename OBLIGATORY. “DEFAULT ‘C:\InitialStock_ErrorFile.txt’.


AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR p_file.

  CALL FUNCTION ‘KD_GET_FILENAME_ON_F4’
    EXPORTING
      program_name  = syst-repid
    CHANGING
      file_name     = p_file
    EXCEPTIONS
      mask_too_long = 1
      OTHERS        = 2.
  IF sy-subrc <> 0.
  ENDIF.


AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE-REQUEST FOR file_err.
  CALL FUNCTION ‘F4_FILENAME’
    EXPORTING
      program_name  = syst-cprog
      dynpro_number = syst-dynnr
    IMPORTING
      file_name     = file_err.


START-OF-SELECTION.
  PERFORM file_upload.
  PERFORM po_create.
  PERFORM fieldcatlog .
  PERFORM display_alv_report.
  PERFORM download.



*– Calling the function ALSM_EXCEL_TO_INTERNAL_TABLE
FORM file_upload.
  CALL FUNCTION ‘ALSM_EXCEL_TO_INTERNAL_TABLE’
    EXPORTING
      filename                = p_file
      i_begin_col             = 1
      i_begin_row             = start
      i_end_col               = 67
      i_end_row               = end
    TABLES
      intern                  = i_excel
    EXCEPTIONS
      inconsistent_parameters = 1
      upload_ole              = 2
      OTHERS                  = 3.

  IF sy-subrc <> 0.
*    MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
*            WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
  ENDIF.


******************************* Excel format *********************

  LOOP AT i_excel.
    CASE i_excel-col.

      WHEN ‘0001’.
        it_input-ebeln = i_excel-value.
*      WHEN ‘0002’.
*        it_input-comp_code = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0002’.
        it_input-doc_type = i_excel-value.
*      WHEN ‘0004’.
*        it_input-purch_org = i_excel-value.
*      WHEN ‘0005’.
*        it_input-pur_group = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0003’.
        it_input-suppl_plnt = i_excel-value.
*      WHEN ‘0007’.
*        it_input-po_item = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0004’.
        it_input-material = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0005’.
        it_input-plant = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0006’.
        it_input-quantity = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0007’.
        it_input-net_price = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0008’.
        it_input-tax_code = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0009’.
        it_input-po_text = i_excel-value.
      WHEN ‘0010’.
        it_input-sales_pers = i_excel-value.

      WHEN ‘0011’.
        IT_INPUT-DLV_DATE = i_excel-VALUE.
    ENDCASE.

    AT END OF row.
      APPEND it_input.
      CLEAR it_input.
    ENDAT.
  ENDLOOP.

ENDFORM.


FORM po_create.

  DATA : v1(10)  TYPE c,
         v2(10)  TYPE c,
         v3(10)  TYPE c ,
         v4(10)  TYPE c,
         v5(10)  TYPE c,
         v6(10)  TYPE c ,
         v_ebelp TYPE ekpo-ebelp,
         v_verkf TYPE ekko-verkf.

  LOOP AT it_input INTO wa_input .
    SPLIT wa_input-sales_pers AT ‘/’ INTO v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 v6 .

    CONDENSE : v4, v5, v6 .

    CONCATENATE v4 v5 v6 INTO wa_input-ebeln .

    IF wa_input-ebeln IS INITIAL .
      wa_input-ebeln = v1.
    ENDIF .


    CALL FUNCTION ‘CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_INPUT’
      EXPORTING
        input  = wa_input-suppl_plnt
      IMPORTING
        output = wa_input-suppl_plnt.


    MODIFY it_input FROM wa_input TRANSPORTING ebeln suppl_plnt .

  ENDLOOP .

  it_input_h[] = it_input[].

  SORT it_input_h  ASCENDING BY suppl_plnt sales_pers .
  DELETE ADJACENT DUPLICATES FROM it_input_h COMPARING suppl_plnt sales_pers .

  LOOP AT it_input_h INTO wa_input_h.

    poheader-ref_1 = wa_input_h-ebeln.
    poheader-comp_code = p_bukrs.
    poheader-doc_type = wa_input_h-doc_type.
    poheader-purch_org = p_ekorg.
    poheader-pur_group = p_ekgrp.

    poheader-vendor = wa_input_h-suppl_plnt.

    DATA : lv_sale(30) TYPE c.
    poheader-sales_pers = wa_input_h-sales_pers.
    lv_sale = wa_input_h-sales_pers.
    poheader-langu = sy-langu .
    poheaderx-langu = ‘X’ .

    poheaderx-ref_1 = ‘X’.

    poheaderx-comp_code = ‘X’.
    poheaderx-doc_type = ‘X’.
    poheaderx-purch_org = ‘X’.
    poheaderx-pur_group = ‘X’.
    poheaderx-vendor = ‘X’.

    poheaderx-sales_pers = ‘X’.

    CLEAR v_ebelp .

    LOOP AT it_input INTO wa_input
      WHERE suppl_plnt EQ wa_input_h-suppl_plnt
        AND sales_pers EQ wa_input_h-sales_pers.

      v_ebelp = v_ebelp + 10 .

      it_poitem-po_item = v_ebelp .”wa_input-po_item.                 “‘00010’.

      CALL FUNCTION ‘CONVERSION_EXIT_MATN1_INPUT’
        EXPORTING
          input        = wa_input-material
        IMPORTING
          output       = wa_input-material
        EXCEPTIONS
          length_error = 1
          OTHERS       = 2.
      IF sy-subrc <> 0.
* Implement suitable error handling here
      ENDIF.

      it_poitem-material = wa_input-material.”‘FGC018012932A002’.
      it_poitem-ematerial =  wa_input-material.
      it_poitem-plant = wa_input-plant. “”””””””D001
      it_poitem-quantity = wa_input-quantity.”10.
      it_poitem-net_price = wa_input-net_price.
      it_poitem-tax_code = wa_input-tax_code.
      it_poitem-conf_ctrl = ‘0004’ .
      APPEND it_poitem.

      it_poitemx-po_item = v_ebelp.
      it_poitemx-material = ‘X’.
      it_poitemx-ematerial = ‘X’.
      it_poitemx-plant = ‘X’.
      it_poitemx-quantity = ‘X’.
      it_poitemx-net_price = ‘X’.
      it_poitemx-tax_code = ‘X’.
      it_poitemx-conf_ctrl = ‘X’ .
*                    IT_POITEMX-PRICE_UNIT = ‘X’.
      APPEND it_poitemx.

      it_potextitem-po_item = v_ebelp.
      it_potextitem-text_id = ‘F01’.
      it_potextitem-text_line = wa_input-po_text.
      APPEND it_potextitem.


      it_POSCHEDULE-PO_ITEM = v_ebelp.
      it_POSCHEDULE-DELIVERY_DATE = wa_input-dlv_date.

      append it_POSCHEDULE.
      CLEAR: it_POSCHEDULE.

      it_POSCHEDULEX-PO_ITEM = v_ebelp.
      it_POSCHEDULEX-DELIVERY_DATE = ‘X’.

      APPEND it_POSCHEDULEX.
      CLEAR: it_POSCHEDULEX.
*      it_POSCHEDULE
*      it_POSCHEDULEX

      CLEAR : it_potextitem, it_poitemx, wa_input.

    ENDLOOP.

    CALL FUNCTION ‘BAPI_PO_CREATE1’
      EXPORTING
        poheader         = poheader
        poheaderx        = poheaderx
        no_price_from_po = ‘X’
      IMPORTING
        exppurchaseorder = lv_ponum
      TABLES
        return           = it_return
        poitem           = it_poitem
        poitemx          = it_poitemx
        potextitem       = it_potextitem
        POSCHEDULE       = IT_POSCHEDULE
        POSCHEDULEX      = IT_POSCHEDULEX.

    IF lv_ponum IS INITIAL.
      SORT it_return BY type.
      DELETE it_return WHERE type NE ‘E’.

    ELSE.

      CALL FUNCTION ‘BAPI_TRANSACTION_COMMIT’
*           EXPORTING
*             WAIT          =
*           IMPORTING
*             RETURN        =
        .

      it_display-ebeln = wa_input_h-ebeln.
      it_display-ebeln1 = lv_ponum .
      APPEND it_display.

    ENDIF.

    LOOP AT it_return.
      it_display-ebeln = lv_ponum .
      it_display-ebeln1 = it_return-message.
      it_display-number = it_return-number.
      it_display-type = it_return-type.
      it_display-sale = lv_sale.
      IF it_display-type EQ ‘E’ OR it_display-type EQ ‘S’.
        APPEND it_display.
        it_return1 = it_return.
        APPEND it_return1.
      ENDIF.
    ENDLOOP.

    CLEAR :poheader,poheaderx,wa_input_h,lv_ponum, lv_sale.
    REFRESH : it_return,  it_poitem, it_poitemx,it_potextitem.
    CLEAR : it_return,  it_poitem, it_poitemx,it_potextitem.
    FREE : it_return,  it_poitem, it_poitemx,it_potextitem.
    CLEAR: it_POSCHEDULE[],
           it_POSCHEDULEX[].
    CLEAR: it_POSCHEDULE,
           it_POSCHEDULEX.
  ENDLOOP.
ENDFORM.
*


FORM fieldcatlog .

  wa_fieldcat-tabname = ‘IT_DISPLAY’.
  wa_fieldcat-fieldname = ‘EBELN’.
  wa_fieldcat-seltext_m = ‘PO NO’.
  wa_fieldcat-col_pos = 1.
  wa_fieldcat-outputlen  = ‘5’.
  APPEND wa_fieldcat TO i_fieldcat.
  CLEAR wa_fieldcat.

  wa_fieldcat-tabname = ‘IT_DISPLAY’.
  wa_fieldcat-fieldname = ‘NUMBER’.
  wa_fieldcat-seltext_m = ‘Number’.
  wa_fieldcat-col_pos = 2.
  wa_fieldcat-outputlen  = ‘5’.
  APPEND wa_fieldcat TO i_fieldcat.
  CLEAR wa_fieldcat.

  wa_fieldcat-tabname = ‘IT_DISPLAY’.
  wa_fieldcat-fieldname = ‘TYPE’.
  wa_fieldcat-seltext_m = ‘Type’.
  wa_fieldcat-col_pos = 3.
  wa_fieldcat-outputlen  = ‘2’.
  APPEND wa_fieldcat TO i_fieldcat.
  CLEAR wa_fieldcat.


  wa_fieldcat-tabname = ‘IT_DISPLAY’.
  wa_fieldcat-fieldname = ‘SALE’.
  wa_fieldcat-seltext_m = ‘Sales Person’.
  wa_fieldcat-col_pos = 4.
  wa_fieldcat-outputlen  = ’20’.
  APPEND wa_fieldcat TO i_fieldcat.
  CLEAR wa_fieldcat.


  wa_fieldcat-tabname = ‘IT_DISPLAY’.
  wa_fieldcat-fieldname = ‘EBELN1’.
  wa_fieldcat-seltext_m = ‘Message’.
  wa_fieldcat-col_pos = 5.
  wa_fieldcat-outputlen  = ‘100’.
  APPEND wa_fieldcat TO i_fieldcat.
  CLEAR wa_fieldcat.

ENDFORM.


FORM display_alv_report .

  gd_repid = sy-repid.

  CALL FUNCTION ‘REUSE_ALV_GRID_DISPLAY’
    EXPORTING
      i_callback_program      = gd_repid
      i_callback_user_command = c_user_command
      is_layout               = gd_layout
      i_callback_top_of_page  = ‘TOP_OF_PAGE’
      it_fieldcat             = i_fieldcat[]
      i_save                  = ‘X’
      it_events               = i_events
    TABLES
      t_outtab                = it_display
    EXCEPTIONS
      program_error           = 1
      OTHERS                  = 2.
  IF sy-subrc <> 0.
    MESSAGE ID sy-msgid TYPE sy-msgty NUMBER sy-msgno
            WITH sy-msgv1 sy-msgv2 sy-msgv3 sy-msgv4.
  ENDIF.

ENDFORM.                    ” DISPLAY_ALV_REPORT


FORM top_of_page.
  DATA: t_header TYPE slis_t_listheader,
        w_header TYPE slis_listheader.

  w_header-typ = ‘H’.
  w_header-info = ‘PO LIST’.
  APPEND w_header TO t_header.

  CALL FUNCTION ‘REUSE_ALV_COMMENTARY_WRITE’
    EXPORTING
      it_list_commentary = t_header.

ENDFORM.

FORM user_command USING f_ucomm LIKE sy-ucomm
                i_selfield TYPE slis_selfield.

  CASE f_ucomm.
    WHEN ‘&IC1’.
      CASE i_selfield-sel_tab_field.
        WHEN ‘IT_DISPLAY-EBELN1’.
          READ TABLE it_display INDEX i_selfield-tabindex .”INTO S_ITAB.
          SET PARAMETER ID ‘BES’ FIELD it_display-ebeln1.
          CALL TRANSACTION ‘ME23N’ AND SKIP FIRST SCREEN.
      ENDCASE.
  ENDCASE.
ENDFORM.


FORM download .

  err_file = file_err.
  LOOP AT it_return1.
    it_err-message1 = it_return1-message.
    APPEND it_err.
    CLEAR it_return1-message.
  ENDLOOP.


  CALL FUNCTION ‘GUI_DOWNLOAD’
    EXPORTING
*     BIN_FILESIZE          =
      filename              = err_file
      filetype              = ‘ASC’
      append                = ‘X’
      write_field_separator = ‘X’
*   IMPORTING
*     FILELENGTH            =
    TABLES
      data_tab              = it_err.

ENDFORM.                    ” DOWNLOAD

Selection Screen

1 po creation bapi
Selection Screen

Output Screen

Screenshot 1 1
Output Screen

Pattern for FM BAPI_PO_CREATE – BAPI PO CREATE

In above example of Bapi_po_create1 we decided to take input from user in selection screen are Company Code, Purchase Organization, Purchase Group and upload file which have materials information like 

         doc_type       TYPE bsart, Document Type

         suppl_plnt     TYPE lifnr, Supplying Plant

         material       TYPE matnr, Material Number
         plant(4) ,           Plant or Receiving Plant
         quantity(15),        Quantity
         net_price(28),       Net Price
         tax_code(2),         Tax Code   
         po_text(132),        PO text
         sales_pers(30),      Sales Person
         dlv_date(10) TYPE c, Delivery Date

Here system will read the file and process the BAPI to create Purchase order and return the output in AL Grid display, in grid display we can go to ME23N by just clicking on purchasing document number and download the same.

Dear Reader hopes this article is helpful to understand the BAPI to create Purchase order, Please connect with us for further information.

%d bloggers like this: